where do drugs come from?
Drugs come from a range of sources. Many are found in plants, for example nicotine in tobacco; caffeine in coffee beans; and cocaine from the coca plant. Morphine and codeine are derived from the opium poppy, while heroin is produced by the chemical modification of morphine. Marijuana is the leaf, buds and seed heads of the cannabis plant, while hashish and hash oil are the plant's resin.
Alcohol is produced by the natural process of fermentation that happens when fruit, grain or vegetables decompose. Certain fungi, such as magic mushrooms and cactus plants, are considered drugs in Australia because of their hallucinogenic properties. Medicines can be manufactured from both natural and artificial chemicals.